On a hill above the Moscow river just as hundreds of years ago there overlooks a fortress – the Moscow Kremlin. It’s RUSSIA’s soul and heart. Within the walls of the Kremlin, the Great History of the Great Country was being written. The Kremlin is mighty, dreadful, full of legends and tales. Trinity Square of the Moscow Kremlin is known for the Kremlin Arsenal located between Trinity (the Troitskaya) and St. Nicholas (the Nikolskaya) Towers. On the perimeter of the
Arsenal one can see guns and artillery exhibits of the 17th century. Trinity Square also boasts of the Grand Kremlin Palace – a remarkable building used to be the tsar’s residence. Ivanovskaya Square has always been an unsolved mystery of such exhibits representing Russian artillery casting art as the Tsar Cannon that has never fired and the Tsar Bell which lay in a pit for 100 years and has never rung. There are no monuments similar in size and weight to be found anywhere in the world. Cathedral Square is an architectural ensemble of the Annunciation, Assumption and Archangel Cathedrals. Under their golden domes tsars were crowned and married, in state rooms significant ceremonies were held and foreign ambassadors taken. Nearby there is the 81-meter-high Ivan the Great Bell Tower, the Church of the Deposition of the Robe, the Patriarch’s Palace and the Palace of the Facets. The Kremlin Armoury (Armoury Chamber) and the Russian Diamond Fund deserve special attention. These great depositories are worth seeing: for about 500 years they’ve been storing such articles as Monomakh’s Cap (the Golden Cap) – a symbol of the Russian autocracy, the world’s most expensive crown decorated with diamonds and pearls.
Red Square spreads out in front of the Kremlin walls. Ancient and grand, it keeps impressing millions of visitors from all over the world. Having been a shopping street, now it’s a place to hold great parades and public festivals.The stoneblock pavement of Red Square is in memory of the heroes of Russia who won in wars, the world’s first cosmonaut and festive fireworks are held here in celebration of the country’s great progress. Tourists long to see the world-famous architectural complex of the Moscow Kremlin and Red Square and see how blood-red and shining are the colours which cover the residences of the great dukes and Moscow tsars, metropolitans and patriarchs, and the incumbent president of the Russian Federation, Vladimir Putin.
There are many places of interest here. One can see: - widely known from photos and videos is St. Basil’s Cathedral built during the reign of Ivan the Terrible after the assault of Kazan. - The Monument to Minin and Pozharsky – those who got people’s volunteer army together to batter Polish army in 1612. - The Place of Execution (Lobnoye mesto) – the main tribune for the most important announcements and tsars’ addresses to the nation. - Lenin’s Mausoleum which has occasionally been a matter of dispute about the revolutionary leader’s burial. - Kremlin Wall Necropolis – a memorial cemetery for prominent party officials,statesmen, military commanders, pilots and cosmonauts of the Soviet Union. - Eternal Light and Tomb of the Unknown Soldier - the main War Memorial of the country situated in Aleksandrovsky Garden. - GUM (State Department Store) – one of the world famous sights which has preserved its original style. - The State Historical Museum – housing over 5 million exhibits that represents Russian culture and history from ancient times up to the present. - The Kremlin Clock repeating outgoing centuries and 20 Kremlin Towers:
Saviour (the Spasskaya) and The St. Nicholas (the Nikolskaya) Towers, The Kutafya and Tsar’s (the Tsarskaya) Towers – each one with its bell and star, history and legend. - The Iberian Chapel on Manege Square – a sightseeing attraction for tourists looking forward to visiting Moscow again. It’s believed that they just need to make a wish on “Kilometre Zero” of the Russian highways. he Kremlin’s opening hours: daily 10.00-17.00 in winter and 9.30-18.00 in summer from the middle of May to the middle of September. The Kremlin is closed for visitors on festive occasions and summit conferences.
- Services of a professional guide;
- Guide’s advice and recommendations;
- Entrance tickets to the grounds of the Moscow Kremlin and the Cathedral of the Assumption;
- Outdoor sightseeing tour: Trinity and Ivanovskaya Squares of the Moscow Kremlin, the Tsar Cannon, the Tsar Bell, Cathedral Square with its architectural ensemble of the Annunciation, Assumption and Archangel Cathedrals, Ivan the Great Bell Tower, the Church of the Deposition of the Robe, the Patriarch’s Palace and the Palace of the Facets. The Kremlin Armoury (Armoury Chamber) and the Russian Diamond Fund, the Kremlin Senate (Putin’s official residence), Red Square, St. Basil’s Cathedral, Kazan Cathedral, Resurrection Gate of the Kitai-gorod, the Monument to Minin and Pozharsky, the Place of Execution (Lobnoye mesto), Lenin’s Mausoleum, Kremlin Wall Necropolis, Aleksandrovsky Garden (Memorial Wall, Eternal Light, Tomb of the Unknown Soldier), GUM (State Department Store), The State Historical Museum, The Kremlin Clock, Saviour (The Spasskaya) and St. Nicholas (the Nikolskaya) Towers, Manege Square (the Monument to Marshal Zhukov, “Kilometre Zero”).
Documents to take along: passport (ID) or copy. Other recommended items: a camera, suitable clothing and shoes for the weather.
Closed for visitors on festive occasions and summit conferences. Open from 10.00 to 17.00 daily except Thursdays.
For armed, drunk visitors, visitors disturbing public order, visitors with animals, sharp-edged articles, flammable, explosive, toxic or malodorous substances entrance to the territory of the Moscow Kremlin and Red Square is prohibited. Tourists’ safety provision follows the requirements of All-Union State Standard (GOST Р 5064494).
Confirmation within 12 hours.
No cancellation fees more than 72 hours in advance
Reservation changes can be processed up to 3 days (72 hours) prior to the start of a tour. In case cancellations are carried out more than 72 hours in advance, 100 % of the total cost of a tour is refunded. If reservation is cancelled within 24-72 hours prior to the start of a tour, 50 % of its total cost is refunded. If reservation is cancelled less than 24 hours in advance, no refund is granted.
PAYMENT FOR A CHILD UNDER 18 IS EQUAL TO THAT OF AN ADULT.
It was interesting to see the main russian place. History, spirit...my kids and me enjoyed it. Found we secrets? Not all I think